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Vietnam – Non Aligned Movement Relations


In 1955, Vietnam participated in the AfroAsian Conference in Bandung, Indonesia, which is widely seen as a predecessor of the Non Aligned Movement (NAM). At the conference, Vietnam proactively promoted the solidarity among countries with newly-gained independence, having contributed to the establishment of basic foundations that later became the guiding principles for the Movement’s activities.
Between 1970 - 1973, the Interim Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam attended as an observer at the Georgetown Conference, Guyana, in 1972, and then became a member of the NAM at the Fourth Summit in Algers in 1973. 
In 1976, at the Fifth Summit in Colombo, Srilanka, the unified Vietnam officially joined the Movement. Building on its brilliant examples and victorious cause against foreign aggressions, Viet Nam soon committed itself and contributed to the goals and developments of the Movement.
While still far from being a full-fledged member, Viet Nam had already made important contribution to the struggle of the NAM and developing countries. After its independence in 1945, Viet Nam took the lead in the movement of national liberalization, having significantly contributed to the eradication of colonialism and the struggle against imperialism.  Since becoming a member of the Movement, Vietnam has participated in all Summit Conferences and Ministerial Meetings of the Movement, joining progressive movements with a view to enhancing the solidarity among members and the status of the Movement, sparing no effort to fight for peace, national independence, democracy and social progress. Furthermore, Viet Nam has proactively taken part in the activities of and made plenty of substantial contribution to the drafting of the NAM’s documents. It has also put forth concrete recommendations to enhance the Movement’s profile on the fields of politics, economics and trade and at the same time has shared its own development experiences.
Vietnam always attaches great importance to the participation in the NAM, which has been made a consistent policy that is part of the foreign policy of open-door, multilateralization and diversification and a supplement to the country’s bilateral, regional and international relations. In parallel with great successes of the Doimoi process, Vietnam advocates to take part in and make positive contribution to the common cause of development of the NAM and developing countries. In this course, Vietnam’s guiding principles are: perpetuating the NAM’s underlying purposes; promoting the solidarity within the Movement, making  selective contribution to the Movement’s issues of common interest, avoiding dispute-prone issues that may be detrimental to relationship between Viet Nam and the larger nations, and promoting consultations and collaboration with key NAM countries.
Viet Nam overriding principles on development orientation and issues of concern at the 14th NAM Summit Conference are as follows:
- Promotion of solidarity and coordination is necessary to maintain and enhance the status and role of the Movement. The likeness on the historical background, the traditional political relationship, the burning desire for national mastership, the tremendous economic potentials and the cultural diversity that are the very foundations to ensure the Movement’s unity in diversity.
- It is essential to perpetuate the Movement’s lofty goals of peace, national independence, cooperation for development, social progress and justice, advancing toward constructing equal and healthy international relations on the basis of respect for national sovereignty, non-interference and non-coercion into other countries’ intenal affairs as well as other fundamental principles of the Movement, the United Nations Charter and international laws.
- The Movement´s voice needs to be enhanced with regard to issues of international concern and those vital to developing countries such as the UN reform, the realization of the MDGs and acceleration of the Doha round. The Movement should also play a greater role in establishing an open, equitable, transparent and non-discriminatory international economic architecture with satisfactory support and preferences for development being extended to the NAM members and other developing countries.
- It is necessary to further promote cooperation and exchange experiences on socio-economic development, maximizing our internal strength along with making full use of external resources through effective development cooperation models such as South-South and North-South cooperation mechanisms.
- It is imperative for the Movement to improve its working methods aimed at bringing about greater efficiency and relevance, enhancing coordination and solidarity on the basis of the goals and fundamental principles of the Movement, especially the principles of consensus.

 
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