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Vietnam rises on human development scale

Vietnam jumped four ranks this year to rank 105th out of 177 countries and territories, the United Nations said in its Human Development Report released in Brasilia, Brazil, yesterday.

The index, which collates figures from 2005 for life expectancy, educational levels and real per capita income, finds that Iceland is the world’s most liveable country, outdoing Norway, which held the top spot for the previous six years.

Viet Nam is ranked among "medium human ...development" countries and territories, scoring less than Thailand, which occupies 78th place, China at 81, the Philippines at 90, and Sri Lanka at 99.

Viet Nam scores better than Indonesia at 107, Laos at 130, and Cambodia at 131.

Viet Nam has constantly made progress on the index.

The twenty countries falling into the "low human development" category are all in Africa.

This year’s report, titled Fighting Climate Change: Human Solidarity in a Divided World, warns that failure to respond to the challenge of climate change will hinder international efforts to reduce poverty.

"The poorest countries and most vulnerable citizens will suffer the earliest and most damaging setbacks, even though they have contributed least to the problem," the UNDP said on its website.

The report points out a list of 30 countries that create the most carbon dioxide emissions. The list is led by the US, China, Russia, India, and Japan.

The UN Development Programme (UNDP) says that climate change is not just a future scenario. Increased exposure to droughts, floods and storms is already destroying opportunities and reinforcing inequality.

The report called for the world to fight climate change with a sense of urgency, solidarity and collective interest.

The UNDP, in collaboration with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, will launch the report in Ha Noi today. — VNS

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