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Monday, May 29, 2017
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China’s historical evidences are baseless

We would like to present an article by H.E. Ambassador Doan Xuan Hung, Vietnam’s Ambassador to Japan on Yomiuri Shimbun regarding the collisions between Vietnam and China vessels related to China’s oil rig incident near the Hoang Sa Islands (the Paracels), South China Sea.

I would like to clarify Vietnam’s sovereignty over the Hoang Sa Islands (the Paracels).

Vietnam has published many proper evidences showing its sovereignty over the islands. At least since the 17th century, (Vietnam) has gathered resources on the islands and ensured the safety of other countries vessels passing through the Hoang Sa waters. These activities are recorded in the official documents of the Vietnamese state during this period.

Meanwhile, even though China has stressed its "undisputed" sovereignty over the Hoang Sa Islands since the Northern Song period, these historical documents from China are either baseless or have unclear origin. In these documents, there are no consistency in the way the islands were named and descriped. They certainly do not prove China’s sovereignty over the Hoang Sa Islands.

China has falsely accused Vietnam of ramming Chinese ships over 1500 times and encroaching upon (China’s activities). It is hard to believe that in this open information age, such false accusation and fabrications can still exist.

On May 2nd 2014, China sent an oil rig along with an escorting fleet containing military ships and aircrafts to support illegal activities within the exclusive economic zone and continental shelf of Vietnam. This action seriously violated Vietnam's sovereignty, international law such as the Charter of the United Nations, the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and violated the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea between China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

The whole world has been furiously watching inhumane actions of Chinese vessels colliding and sinking Vietnam fishing ships. Many foreign news outlets, including Japanese has witnessed China’s aggressive attitude.

After the 2nd World War, no country recognized the Hoang Sa Islands as part of China. The Cairo Declaration, the Potsdam Declaration and the San Francisco Treaty have listed all the territories to be returned to China, but the Hoang Sa Islands was not included in the list. The Chiang Kai-shek’s government who was involved in the negotiations of these Declarations mentioned nothing about the Hoang Sa Islands.

In 1974, taking advantage of the Vietnam War, China illegally occupied the Hoang Sa Islands by force from the government of the South of Vietnam. The use of force to invade another country’s territory is a violation of fundamental principles of international law.

The Vietnamese Government attaches great importance to relations with China but will resolutely use all peaceful means allowed by international law to protect its territorial sovereignty and maintain peace and justice. Vietnam hopes that people from all around the world, including the Japanese people will continue to support the people of Vietnam.

Copyright by VietNam Ministry of Foreign Affairs